I do not Permit a Woman to Teach (1 of 2)

1 Timothy 2 11-12

Q. What does 1 Tim 2:12 “I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet.” mean? Is it situational?

A. First, note the structure of 1 Tim 2:11-12 (NASB):

1 A woman must quietly
2 receive instruction
3 with entire submissiveness.
2 But I do not allow a woman to teach or
3 exercise authority over a man,
1 but to remain quiet.

There are 3 couplets:
1. Quietly and quiet;
2. Receive instruction and not teach;
3. submissiveness and [not] exercise authority.

(1) and (2) are the application, (3) is the principle – male authority or leadership.

Second, note the wider context. Being quiet and not teaching are not absolute for all situations e.g.

Acts 18:26 and he (Apollos) began to speak out boldly in the synagogue. But when Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more accurately.
• 1 Co 11:5 But every woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head.
• Titus 2:3-4 Older women likewise are to be reverent in their behavior, not malicious gossips nor enslaved to much wine, teaching what is good, so that they may encourage the young women to love their husbands, to love their children…

Priscilla and Aquila took Apollos aside and explained to him in private. Women prayed and prophesied in worship – they were not silent. Older women taught young women how to run their home. So Paul not allowing a woman to teach does not apply to all cases, but specifically to public teaching because of God assigning the role of leadership to men in the home and in church.

Nowadays people believe that there should be no distinction in the roles played by men and women, but that’s not God’s design. God had assigned different roles to men and women. For example, giving birth to children is and has always been the task of the women. It’s never sometimes men, sometimes women in order to be equal.

(To be continued)

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