Are Christians under the 10 Commandments? (2 of 2)

10 commandments 8

(Continued from yesterday)

Yesterday we looked at the reiteration of the first 5 of the 10 Commandments in the New Testament. Today we look at the sixth to the tenth.

6. Ex 20:13 You shall not murder.
• Mt 5:21-22 “You have heard that the ancients were told, ‘YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT MURDER’ and ‘Whoever commits murder shall be liable to the court.’ But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court; and whoever says to his brother, ‘You good-for-nothing,’ shall be guilty before the supreme court; and whoever says, ‘You fool,’ shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell.
• Mt 19:18 Then he said to Him, “Which ones?” And Jesus said, “YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT MURDER; YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY; YOU SHALL NOT STEAL; YOU SHALL NOT BEAR FALSE WITNESS;
• Mk 10:19; Lk 18:20;
• Rom 13:9 For this, “YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY, YOU SHALL NOT MURDER, YOU SHALL NOT STEAL, YOU SHALL NOT COVET,” and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, “YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.

7. Ex 20:14 You shall not commit adultery.
• Mt 5:27-28 “You have heard that it was said, ‘YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY’; but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
• Mt 19:18; Mk 10:19; Lk 18:20;
• Rom 7:2-3 For the married woman is bound by law to her husband while he is living; but if her husband dies, she is released from the law concerning the husband. So then, if while her husband is living she is joined to another man, she shall be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from the law, so that she is not an adulteress though she is joined to another man.
• Rom 13:9

8. Ex 20:15 You shall not steal.
• Mt 19:18; Mk 10:19; Lk 18:20; Rom 13:9;
• Eph 4:28 He who steals must steal no longer

9. Ex 20:16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
• Mt 19:18; Mk 10:19; Lk 18:20; Rom 13:9;
• Eph 4:25 Therefore, laying aside falsehood, SPEAK TRUTH EACH ONE of you WITH HIS NEIGHBOR, for we are members of one another.

10. Ex 20:17 You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.
• Lk 12:15 Then He said to them, “Beware, and be on your guard against every form of greed;
• Rom 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the Law sin? May it never be! On the contrary, I would not have come to know sin except through the Law; for I would not have known about coveting if the Law had not said, “YOU SHALL NOT COVET.”
• Rom 13:9

Note that all 10 are repeated in the New Testament. Sometimes you hear the argument that Jesus repeated them before the cross; after the cross the Lord fulfilled all the requirements of the Law, which are no longer necessary and have been set aside. However, notice the citations in the epistles are all after the cross. The Lord did fulfill the Law, but He did not abolish them:
Mt 5:17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.
The cross is:
so that the requirement of the Law might be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit (Rom 8:4).
So my opinion is that the 10 Commandments are still applicable to Christians. Christ fulfilled them and therefore we fulfill them in Christ. But that’s not the same as saying they are no longer needed and we can ignore them.

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